Water Quality Report


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Glenwhite Run - Spaghetti Hole Water Quality Report - SHRAW/STB

Export Sample Point Report  /  Inflow: Yes / Outflow: No
Date
Method of Flow
Flow - Field (gal/min)
pH - Field (S.U.)
pH - Lab (S.U.)
ORP - Field (mvolts)
DO - Field (mg/L)
Temp - Field (C)
Cond - Lab (umhos/cm)
Alkalinity - Field (mg/L)
Alkalinity - Lab (mg/L)
Acidity - Lab (mg/L)
T. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
D. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
T. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
D. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
T. Al - Lab (mg/L)
D. Al - Lab (mg/L)
SO4 - Lab (mg/L)
TSS - Lab (mg/L)
Ferrous Iron (Mg/L) Lab
2001-04-19--3003.53.4----------0640.72--2.21--5.61--15780.18
2001-05-15--713.63.5----------0780.835--2.36--6.69--19020.11
2001-06-18--405.63.4----------0109.61.01--2.6--7.55--243.740.15
2001-07-10--753.563.4----------0102.61.06--2.44--7.41--27420.17
2001-08-14--03.453.4----------0123.41.12--2.48--7.98--246160.58
2001-09-12--03.443.4----------0148.41.2--2.67--9.29--22520.35
2001-10-09--0--3.4----------0110.61.34--2.99--9.9--20820.55
2001-11-13--0--3.3----------0116.21.21--2.8--11.1--18360.22
2001-12-05--0--3.2----------0115.21.27--2.98--0.8--31020.15
2002-02-12--0--3.3----------098.21.19--2.31--7.87--249.320.14
2005-04-05----3.43.5----------081.60.466--1.76--4.21--190.360.09
2005-07-26----3.83.4----------0112.60.913--2.46--7.73--212.12--
2006-03-07----3.43.5----------0117.60.7--2.332--6.369--350.112--
2006-06-06----3.4--------------67.40.904--2.42--6.899----6--
2006-08-01----3.53.4----------073.60.814--2.26--6.27--241.64--
2006-10-17----53.4----------086.61.081--2.495--7.874--215.26--
2007-01-02------3.4----------0990.904--2.39--6.78--240.114--
2007-07-17----3.433.4----------099.60.737--2.232--6.72--234.42--
2008-02-19----3.363.4----------0560.578--1.948--5.48--205.84--
2009-07-15----3.483.4----------071.20.798--2.28--6.38--213.15--
2010-01-28----3.353.4----------058.80.599--1.867--4.932--178.160.13
2010-04-20----3.483.4----------0660.564--2.156--5.848--204.650.16
2010-06-23----3.513.5----------069.60.74--2.226--6.333--242.650.23
2010-10-28----3.323.4----------087.21.041--2.763--9.61--265.750.2
2011-02-17----3.43.4----------083.20.897--2.373--7.562--270.350.17
2011-06-08----4.653.5----------061.60.46--1.814--5.435--171.250.12
2011-08-03----3.313.4--9.7------083.20.752--2.269--7.57--280.360.07
2011-11-08----3.313.5----------055.80.406--1.809--4.996--191.950.16
2012-03-20----3.463.5----------054.60.444--1.695--4.866--169.550.06
2012-05-15----3.43.5----------0133.40.546--1.953--5.948--217.950.09
2012-08-22------3.4----------073.80.818--2.246--7.906--228.160.14
2013-04-03----3.323.5----------054.40.575--2.106--6.042--200.250.11
2014-08-12----3.373.6----------084.20.911--3.308--9.842--325.450.21
2014-10-14----3.30------9.7--------------------------
2015-10-15----3.113.3----9.4----0118.21.154--3.26--12.31--673.8<50.174
2016-01-11----3.353.4----8.7----092.41.07--3.649--10.82--427.1<50.119
2016-06-14------3.5----------073.40.749--3.464--9.141--425.880.135
2016-09-13------3.4----------0109.81.203--3.156--11.272--486.2<50.252
2016-10-18------3.4----------0103.41.038--3.621--11.079--431.660.201
2017-01-18----3.373.5----8.6----053.00.487--2.978--6.13--259.8100.152
2017-06-20----3.713.6----12.2----057.80.35--2.914--5.865--302.6<50.397
2017-08-10----3.623.6----12.5----067.40.538--3.047--7.199--389.4<50.559
2017-10-19----3.503.5----10.2----084.21.038--3.241--9.504--400.060.322
2018-03-28----3.903.8----2.9----070.00.458--3.694--7.251--397.4<50.112
2018-06-06----3.713.9----9.7----053.4<0.3--3.506--5.843--419.7<50.057
2018-08-09----3.84------12.2--------------------------
Minimum:--03.113.2--9.72.9----053.00.35--1.695--0.8--15720.057
Maximum:--3005.63.9--9.712.5----0148.41.34--3.694--12.31--673.8160.58
Average:--493.603.45--9.709.6----085.910.83--2.58--7.32--277.95.50.20
Range:--3002.490.7--09.6----095.40.99--1.999--11.51--516.8140.523
Median:--03.453.4--9.79.7----083.20.82--2.43--7.05--242.650.16
Loading (lb/day):--000--0--0--

Sample Point Description: Spaghetti Hole discharge raw water/Stab Pond Influent

  1. Records with no value are not included in statistical calculations.
  2. Values lower than the minimum detection limit are assumed to be 0.
  3. Average pH is calculated using the arithmetic mean of pH values. Hydronium ion concentrations were not used.
  4. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License.

To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.


Glenwhite Run - Spaghetti Hole Water Quality Report - SHSTB/SAP

Export Sample Point Report  /  Inflow: No / Outflow: No
Date
Method of Flow
Flow - Field (gal/min)
pH - Field (S.U.)
pH - Lab (S.U.)
ORP - Field (mvolts)
DO - Field (mg/L)
Temp - Field (C)
Cond - Lab (umhos/cm)
Alkalinity - Field (mg/L)
Alkalinity - Lab (mg/L)
Acidity - Lab (mg/L)
T. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
D. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
T. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
D. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
T. Al - Lab (mg/L)
D. Al - Lab (mg/L)
SO4 - Lab (mg/L)
TSS - Lab (mg/L)
Ferrous Iron (Mg/L) Lab
2001-04-19----4.13.4----------0620.718--2.016--5.49--18080.63
2001-05-15----3.73.5----------0720.8--2.39--6.81--23620.887
2001-06-18--405.283.5----------097.21--2.54--7.22--27521.1
2001-07-10--753.553.5----------086.81.17--2.49--7.35--27221.24
2001-08-14--03.523.5----------0117.41.29--2.66--8.23--269.4221.61
2001-09-12--03.523.5----------0127.61.2--2.8--9.5--24320.99
2001-10-09--0--3.5----------0951.37--3.11--9.82--228181.31
2001-11-13--02.83.4----------01071.2--2.77--11.2--175221.01
2001-12-05--0--3.4----------0101.61.3--3--10.5--32561.17
2002-02-12--0--3.4----------0941.21--2.3--7.77--24520.95
2005-04-05----3.43.5----------0800.451--1.67--4.01--20120.31
2005-07-26----3.73.5----------099.21.07--2.42--7.43--293.12--
2006-03-07----3.63.5----------0123.20.753--2.257--6.105--297.812--
2006-06-06----3.4--------------65.80.906--2.349--6.658----10--
2006-08-01----3.63.5----------069.60.886--2.19--5.98--239.32--
2006-10-17----4.23.4----------084.41.462--2.494--7.766--287.88--
2007-01-02------3.4----------0931.13--2.41--6.83--242.918--
2007-07-17----3.463.4----------089.40.982--2.255--6.609--247.12--
2008-02-19----3.373.4----------055.60.65--1.983--5.515--192.32--
2009-07-15----3.53.5----------0690.829--2.3--6.39--224.45--
2010-01-28----3.363.4----------055.60.739--1.958--5.282--188.6120.32
2010-04-20----3.483.4----------062.60.53--1.938--5.283--206.150.56
2010-06-23----3.543.5----------0700.735--2.209--6.183--243.450.71
2010-10-28----3.323.4----------088.41.187--2.718--8.932--276.250.95
2011-02-17----3.313.5----------076.81.184--2.319--7.382--247.450.96
2011-06-08----4.653.5----------059.40.441--1.787--5.336--171.750.44
2011-08-03----3.393.5--19.6------0840.904--2.321--7.579--250.460.92
2011-11-08----3.393.6----------051.20.45--1.782--4.892--193.750.47
2012-03-20----3.453.5----------0550.482--1.672--4.72--212.450.41
2012-05-15----3.443.5----------063.80.555--1.864--5.688--236.660.49
2012-08-22------3.4----------071.20.802--2.289--8.063--249.8100.78
2013-04-03----3.253.5----------050.60.643--2.066--6.068--222.460.52
2014-08-12----3.463.6----------082.20.746--3.118--9.032--327.650.5
2014-10-14----3.33------12.5--------------------------
2015-10-15----3.363.4----12.3----01081.212--3.21--11.886--711.9<50.699
2016-01-11----3.293.4----6.5----0921.046--3.435--10.301--434.1<50.166
2016-06-14------3.6----------070.40.7--3.397--8.828--413.9100.56
2016-09-13------3.4----------0108.81.2--3.203--11.188--531.4420.843
2016-10-18------3.4----------0115.21.056--3.538--10.95--452.6<50.595
2017-01-18----3.383.6----7.4----053.60.52--2.977--6.311--261.2<50.335
2017-06-20----3.693.6----14.8----057.20.372--2.901--5.749--298.3<50.516
2017-08-10----3.643.7----16.8----073.40.568--3.01--6.968--380.180.683
2017-10-19----3.473.6----12.3----081.20.853--3.203--9.222--388.9<50.646
2018-03-28----3.583.8----7.2----062.60.485--3.685--7.073--406.1<50.223
2018-06-06----3.844.0----11.1----251.2<0.3--3.651--6.082--498.980.19
2018-08-09----3.86------17.8--------------------------
Minimum:--02.83.4--19.66.5----050.60.372--1.67--4.01--171.720.166
Maximum:--755.284.0--19.617.8----2127.61.462--3.685--11.886--711.9421.61
Average:--143.583.50--19.6011.9----080.320.88--2.56--7.41--290.28.00.71
Range:--752.480.6--011.3----2771.09--2.015--7.876--540.2401.444
Median:--03.483.5--19.612.3----078.40.85--2.42--7.02--249.850.65
Loading (lb/day):--000--0--0--

Sample Point Description: Spaghetti Hole Stab. Pond Effluent/SAP Influent.

  1. Records with no value are not included in statistical calculations.
  2. Values lower than the minimum detection limit are assumed to be 0.
  3. Average pH is calculated using the arithmetic mean of pH values. Hydronium ion concentrations were not used.
  4. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License.

To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.


Glenwhite Run - Spaghetti Hole Water Quality Report - SHSAP/SED

Export Sample Point Report  /  Inflow: No / Outflow: No
Date
Method of Flow
Flow - Field (gal/min)
pH - Field (S.U.)
pH - Lab (S.U.)
ORP - Field (mvolts)
DO - Field (mg/L)
Temp - Field (C)
Cond - Lab (umhos/cm)
Alkalinity - Field (mg/L)
Alkalinity - Lab (mg/L)
Acidity - Lab (mg/L)
T. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
D. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
T. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
D. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
T. Al - Lab (mg/L)
D. Al - Lab (mg/L)
SO4 - Lab (mg/L)
TSS - Lab (mg/L)
Ferrous Iron (Mg/L) Lab
2001-04-19--3007.37.5----------8000.246--1.4--0.2--242100.22
2001-05-15--717.27.5----------23600.141--1.6--0.2--20520.487
2001-06-18--406.917.3----------28400.062--1.76--0.2--225.340.17
2001-07-10--756.977.2----------28000.047--1.57--0.2--93280.13
2001-09-12--06.776.9----------33800.085--1.78--0.2--12420.19
2001-10-09--0--7.1----------28200.044--2.15--0.2--28480.09
2001-11-13--05.87.2----------19600.022--2.19--0.2--18980.15
2001-12-05--0--7.2----------17000.02--2.63--0.2--21620.08
2002-02-12------7.2----------7600.2--2.91--0.2--26520.26
2005-04-05----6.86.8----------38-2.80.308--1.58--1.46--207.6140.3
2005-07-26----7.27.3----------161.6-75.40.723--1.84--0.2--325.32--
2006-01-17------7.3------586--64.2-36.6--0.416--2.359--0.328225.4422.65
2006-06-06----7---------------66.41.329--2.059--1.202----12--
2006-08-01----6.37.4----------77.8-650.661--1.69--1.51--239.614--
2006-10-17--706.77.2----------63.6-480.529--1.868--2.169--243.74--
2007-01-02------6.7----------37.2-3.60.578--1.94--2.21--241.330--
2007-07-17----8.037----------102.4-1441.874--1.999--1.103--245.62--
2008-02-19----6.316.7----------28.2-19.20.496--1.641--2.157--2118--
2009-07-15----6.567.1----------47.8-37.20.606--1.74--2.49--261.614--
2010-01-28--906.056.5----------21.6-11.60.586--1.53--2.338--190.8140.41
2010-04-20--806.316.6----------28.4-17.20.459--1.359--2.504--228.350.36
2010-06-23----6.276.5----------33.4-16.80.609--1.771--3.39--246.860.52
2010-10-28----6.266.4----------36-22.60.633--1.944--4.284--274.380.61
2011-02-17--605.365.2----------2.414.80.899--1.875--4.813--257.480.67
2011-06-08----4.666.5----------39.4-18.20.488--1.334--2.779--193.4120.44
2011-08-03----5.886--24.4------27-2.20.694--1.991--4.531--258240.63
2011-11-08----5.25.6----------11.680.37--1.364--3.188--212.8100.29
2012-03-20----6.096.5----------32-15.80.303--1.169--2.349--222.450.22
2012-05-15----5.826.4----------24.4-5.40.427--1.345--3.131--224.750.42
2012-06-13------7.2----------141.8-115.23.481--3.187--0.598--384.3124.22
2012-08-22------7----------90.2-712.3--1.997--1.637--221.1102.61
2013-04-03------6.9----------49-470.387--1.364--2.335--236.5140.22
2014-08-12----5.725.9----------35.8-15.40.731--2.715--5.901--353.4300.41
2014-10-14----5.09------12.7--------------------------
2015-10-15--356.026.2----------43.4-7.61.392--3.177--6.178--499.724--
2016-01-11--1175.976.2----4.7----46.6-19.20.911--2.704--5.326--431.4220.161
2016-06-14------6.7----------109.0-86.61.324--3.088--4.063--450.9200.962
2016-09-13------6.2----------44.0-6.01.508--3.601--6.408--560.3361.266
2016-10-15--356.026.2----13.6----43.4-7.61.392--3.177--6.178--499.7240.906
2016-10-18------5.5----------21.614.61.122--3.462--7.606--426.8300.707
2017-01-18--1366.01------5.1--------------------------
2017-06-20--1176.306.5----17.2----136.6-105.81.143--3.065--2.417--338.0<50.948
2017-08-10--1996.236.3----18.4----99.0-68.00.943--2.837--3.309--387.8180.891
2017-10-19--356.116.5----14.2----72.8-51.20.88--3.221--4.406--363.7200.804
2018-03-28--646.457.1----6.0----78.0-51.0<0.3--3.146--2.119--417.1<50.198
2018-06-06----6.366.4----15.2----130.0-104.20.623--3.029--2.458--412.0100.616
2018-08-09--816.21------19.1--------------------------
Minimum:--04.665.2--24.44.7586--2.4-1440.020.4161.1692.3590.20.3289320.08
Maximum:--3008.037.5--24.419.1586--33814.83.4810.4163.6012.3597.6060.328560.33622.65
Average:--766.286.69--24.4012.6586--92-30.150.750.422.182.362.570.33286.912.81.26
Range:--3003.372.3--014.40--335.6158.83.46102.43207.4060467.33422.57
Median:--706.276.7--24.413.9586--63.6-16.30.610.421.942.362.340.33245.6100.42
Loading (lb/day):--00000000

Sample Point Description: Spaghetti Hole SAP Effluent/Sed Pond Influent.

  1. Records with no value are not included in statistical calculations.
  2. Values lower than the minimum detection limit are assumed to be 0.
  3. Average pH is calculated using the arithmetic mean of pH values. Hydronium ion concentrations were not used.
  4. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License.

To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.


Glenwhite Run - Spaghetti Hole Water Quality Report - SHSAPFLUSH

Export Sample Point Report  /  Inflow: No / Outflow: No
Date
Method of Flow
Flow - Field (gal/min)
pH - Field (S.U.)
pH - Lab (S.U.)
ORP - Field (mvolts)
DO - Field (mg/L)
Temp - Field (C)
Cond - Lab (umhos/cm)
Alkalinity - Field (mg/L)
Alkalinity - Lab (mg/L)
Acidity - Lab (mg/L)
T. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
D. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
T. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
D. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
T. Al - Lab (mg/L)
D. Al - Lab (mg/L)
SO4 - Lab (mg/L)
TSS - Lab (mg/L)
Ferrous Iron (Mg/L) Lab
2002-02-12------6.7----------7400.23--2.86--0.216--26020.23
2002-06-04------7------572--13200.595--3.68--11.8--182--0.64
2002-07-09------7------646--18400.24--2.94--0.2--153--0.07
2002-08-06------7------639--24000.121--2.33--0.202--116--0.26
2002-10-08------7.3------684--17000.093--2.4--0.2--204--0.02
Minimum:------6.7------572--7400.093--2.33--0.2--11620.02
Maximum:------7.3------684--24000.595--3.68--11.8--26020.64
Average:------7.00------635--16000.26--2.84--2.52--183.02.00.24
Range:------0.6------112--16600.502--1.35--11.6--14400.62
Median:------7------642.5--17000.23--2.86--0.2--18220.23
Loading (lb/day):--000--0--0--

Sample Point Description: Spaghetti Hole SAP flush pipe.

  1. Records with no value are not included in statistical calculations.
  2. Values lower than the minimum detection limit are assumed to be 0.
  3. Average pH is calculated using the arithmetic mean of pH values. Hydronium ion concentrations were not used.
  4. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License.

To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.


Glenwhite Run - Spaghetti Hole Water Quality Report - SHSEDOUT

Export Sample Point Report  /  Inflow: No / Outflow: Yes
Date
Method of Flow
Flow - Field (gal/min)
pH - Field (S.U.)
pH - Lab (S.U.)
ORP - Field (mvolts)
DO - Field (mg/L)
Temp - Field (C)
Cond - Lab (umhos/cm)
Alkalinity - Field (mg/L)
Alkalinity - Lab (mg/L)
Acidity - Lab (mg/L)
T. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
D. Fe - Lab (mg/L)
T. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
D. Mn - Lab (mg/L)
T. Al - Lab (mg/L)
D. Al - Lab (mg/L)
SO4 - Lab (mg/L)
TSS - Lab (mg/L)
Ferrous Iron (Mg/L) Lab
2001-04-19----7.57.4----------7800.26--1.38--0.2--213140.22
2001-05-15----7.67.7----------23600.17--1.55--0.2--186120.3
2001-06-18--407.267.7----------28200.234--1.83--0.593--166.620.17
2001-07-10--757.377.7----------27600.089--1.47--0.2--86.420.17
2001-09-12--07.57.4----------35000.154--1.99--0.2--62.9280.24
2001-10-09--0--7.3----------24600.037--2.09--0.2--201100.08
2001-11-13--0--7.2----------17000.077--2.22--0.2--22980.15
2001-12-05--0--7----------14400.07--2.55--0.2--24240.1
2002-02-12------7----------6000.27--2.88--0.235--26920.15
2005-04-05----6.77----------38.40.60.231--1.58--1.07--204.860.16
2005-07-26----8.28----------150.8-88.41.17--1.72--0.636--212.82--
2006-06-06----7.3---------------66.40.378--1.593--0.348----12--
2006-08-01----7.27.9----------79.4-670.075--0.775--0.2--230.610--
2006-10-17----6.87.5----------48.4-39.60.162--0.715--0.66--207.22--
2007-01-02------7.1----------35.20.40.358--2--0.966--236.426--
2007-07-17----6.868----------84.8-132.80.2--0.941--0.2--229.32--
2008-02-19----6.556.8----------26.8-18.20.366--1.589--1.275--186.42--
2009-07-15----6.677.6----------48-39.80.074--1.43--0.234--247.25--
2010-01-28----6.326.5----------21.4-12.40.475--1.377--1.819--190.660.35
2010-04-20----6.866.9----------28-20.20.2--1.356--0.644--220.750.15
2010-06-23----6.656.7----------29.6-170.225--1.698--0.624--246.150.18
2011-02-17----5.165.2----------1.611.40.343--1.858--1.694--23950.38
2011-06-08----4.676.8----------39-25.40.3--1.315--0.626--207.450.17
2011-08-03----6.236.5--24.8------25.6-6.80.3--1.816--0.5--26660.14
2011-11-08----5.445.7----------11.410.20.436--1.375--4.575--199.6200.26
2012-03-20----6.256.6----------31-14.20.817--1.212--7.785--218.6140.27
2012-05-15----6.086.5----------25.2-13.80.3--1.31--1.194--235.950.26
2012-08-22------7.3----------86.6-73.60.58--1.514--0.601--232.350.11
2013-04-03------7.1----------50.4-48.20.3--1.317--1.655--225.5100.12
2014-08-12----6.286.1----------25.4-70.3--2.53--0.716--368.3140.1
2014-10-14----5.39------13.9--------------------------
2015-10-15----6.316.4----12.0----40.64.40.612--2.809--1.904--448.4<50.116
2016-01-11----6.236.4----4.4----39-15.60.576--2.574--2.537--360.9100.101
2016-06-14------6.9----------105.8-86.60.591--2.92--0.944--42.3160.347
2016-09-13------6.5----------43.6-16.20.893--3.552--1.215--669.380.394
2016-10-18------5.8----------20.67.20.677--3.351--1.526--464.7160.438
2017-01-18----6.276.5----5.2----65.2-48.20.511--2.565--2.788--303.4120.33
2017-06-20----6.716.9----21.9----130.8-114.40.545--3.05--0.524--334.2<50.424
2017-08-10----6.576.6----21.7----95.0-66.20.889--2.631--1.538--384.8220.511
2017-10-19----6.746.8----16.5----69.8-57.40.355--2.822--<0.5--406.2120.267
2018-03-28----6.827.3----5.0----77.8-57.0<0.3--3.094--1.002--409.260.137
2018-06-06----6.646.7----14.8----130.6-104.6<0.3--2.766--0.522--410.1<50.254
2018-08-09----6.50------20.2--------------------------
Minimum:--04.675.2--24.84.4----1.6-132.80.037--0.715--0.2--42.320.08
Maximum:--758.28--24.821.9----35011.41.17--3.552--7.785--669.3280.511
Average:--196.596.93--24.8013.6----89-29.820.37--1.98--1.12--262.49.20.23
Range:--753.532.8--017.5----348.4144.21.133--2.837--7.585--627260.431
Median:--06.656.9--24.814.35----55.2-15.60.3--1.82--0.64--231.4570.18
Loading (lb/day):--000--0--0--

Sample Point Description: Spaghetti Hole System final effluent from Sed Pond.

  1. Records with no value are not included in statistical calculations.
  2. Values lower than the minimum detection limit are assumed to be 0.
  3. Average pH is calculated using the arithmetic mean of pH values. Hydronium ion concentrations were not used.
  4. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License.

To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.